The Coffea arabica species contains thousands of coffee varieties. Each variety has unique properties shaped by its originating region. For example, many arabica varieties trace their origins to places like Yemen, Ethiopia, and Brazil where they were first discovered. These native lands influence the flavor profiles of the coffee beans, described by tasting experiences like aromatic, juicy and velvety.The varieties also require ideal climates, soils, elevations and farming practices to grow well. For instance, Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee thrives in Jamaica’s tropical climate, volcanic soil and high elevations.Some varieties are better suited for specific brewing methods, coffee drinks and consumption habits based on their genetics. Additionally, varieties have differing lineages – some trace back to heirlooms like Typica and Bourbon while others are more recently discovered hybrids.


  • Arabica is the most popular type of bean globally and has four main varieties: Bourbon, Geisha, Heirloom, and Typica, each variety has a unique flavor profile and characteristics.
  • Arabica Coffee Varieties are globally celebrated for their distinct flavors and origins.
  • These varieties often originate from the highlands of Ethiopia, making this region a revered birthplace of coffee.
  • When it comes to taste, Arabica beans typically possess a sweeter and more tangy flavor profile compared to other coffee types, a trait cherished by coffee enthusiasts.
  • Moreover, for optimal growth, these beans require specific altitude and climate conditions, which are usually found in high-altitude tropical regions.

Main Arabica Coffee Varieties Globally

In the vast landscape of the coffee industry, a guide to coffee offers insights into the different varieties that stand out. Among them, the Arabica coffee species shines prominently. Several prime varieties make up this diverse species, each adding a unique flavor to the coffee in the world.Two heirloom varieties, Typica and Bourbon, have a rich history tracing their roots to Yemen and the island of Réunion. It is here, close to a coffee research station, that these varieties were first discovered and cultivated by early coffee farmers. With their fruity and complex flavor profiles, often described with tasting notes reminiscent of caramel and bergamot, they represent the gold standard in the world’s coffee production. Their direct genetic lineage from the first Arabica coffee plants grown solidifies their esteemed place in the industry.In the backdrop of the diverse Arabica coffee species, another noteworthy variety is Gesha, originally from Ethiopia. Interestingly, three Ethiopian varieties are trademarked, and Gesha is among those Ethiopian varieties with trademarked names. It is widely celebrated but remains a rarity, prized for its captivating floral jasmine aroma.Shifting focus to the modern advancements in coffee cultivation, there are newer Arabica hybrids like Catuai and Castillo. Developed at research institutions like the Salvadoran Institute for Coffee Research, these hybrids were selectively bred. They bring together the best of both worlds: robusta and arabica. Their prime attributes include higher yields and an admirable resistance to coffee leaf rust, addressing a significant challenge in a country’s coffee production. However, when it comes to flavor, they don’t quite match the complex profiles of their traditional counterparts.In sum, as we explore the myriad of flavors and histories of these beans, we get a deeper appreciation of the intricate tapestry of the coffee world and its ever-evolving journey.
Main Arabica Coffee Varieties Globally


Typica is a sub-variety of Arabica coffee. It originated as a natural mutation of the original Arabica Typica varietal. A mutation refers to a genetic change in an organism. Farmers have also used Typica to create interspecific hybrids, which are crosses between different species, and intraspecific hybrids, which are crosses within the same species.Typica is a well-known variety of Arabica coffee that originated long ago from a natural mutation of the coffee plant in Yemen. In the 17th century, people from the Netherlands brought Typica from Yemen to Indonesia. This transported variety gave Typica the nickname “Java.”Typica is one of the oldest arabica coffe varieties. It is also one of the most influential varieties of Arabica grown today. Typica is valued for its high quality and complex flavor profile. However, Typica is also vulnerable to a fungal disease called coffee leaf rust that harms coffee plants.To prevent coffee leaf rust damage, Typica farmers utilize resistant varieties, apply fungicides, and practice good farming methods like proper pruning and fertilizing. These techniques allow continued cultivation of the unique and popular Typica Arabica variety.
Typica Coffee

Typica Sub-Varieties

For any coffee lover, Typica sub-varieties are a journey into the heart of coffee. From the very first coffee trees cultivated, Typica has branched out into a myriad of distinctive sub-varieties that coffee enthusiasts and coffee experts cherish. Among these are the famed Sumatra, Blawan Paumah, Bergendal, Amarello de Botancatú, and Rume Sudan.These sub-varieties stand as a testament to the evolution of the coffee plant, each with its own history and unique flavor profile. For instance, the flavor profile of Sumatra is an ode to its origins, while Blawan Paumah’s sweetness is a reflection of the care and dedication of coffee producers in its cultivation. Bergendal is known for its inherent acidity, a trait that has made it a favorite among coffee roasters.Amarello de Botancatú offers a nutty flavor, a result of its growth among coffee bushes in specific climates. On the other hand, Rume Sudan delights the palate with its fruity undertones, a characteristic that can be traced back to its traditional varieties.It’s worth noting that like many other coffee varieties, coffee is susceptible to various diseases. Among these, the coffee leaf rust epidemic has posed significant challenges for growers. While robusta coffee is known for its resilience against such diseases, Typica and its sub-varieties require meticulous care to ensure coffee quality.The pursuit of the perfect bean has led to the development of productive coffee strains that yield a large coffee crop. Each bean, whether it’s from the acclaimed Hawaiian Kona coffee or a new coffee discovery, contributes to the global coffee tapestry.In conclusion, the world of Typica sub-varieties is vast and diverse. Whether you’re a casual coffee drinker or a connoisseur, there’s a Typica cultivar of coffee waiting to be explored, promising a rich experience with every sip. The passion for quality arabica is evident in every bean, and as we move forward in the national coffee landscape, the promise of more exceptional varieties remains ever alluring.


Sumatra’s coffee has a unique flavor and aroma that’s unlike any other! It is one of the oldest surviving varieties of Arabica and is also known as Timor coffee.From the heirloom strain, they are grown on the island of Sumatra and have a distinctive low-acid, earthy, herbal taste. The beans are also noted for their high body, full flavour, and syrupy sweetness.
Timor CoffeeA variety of Arabica
Heirloom CoffeePlants that have been passed down through generations of growers
Arabica BeansA species of coffee bean grown in the mountains of Central and South America
Coffee BeansThe seed of the coffee plant
Sumatra’s is a unique and flavorful experience that is sure to please any lover! Moving on to the next subtopic, Blawan Paumah will explore the production process in Sumatra.

Blawan Paumah

Amid the vast landscape of the global coffee scene, you’ll find unique brews that stand out, and the Blawan Paumah coffee is one such marvel. Originating from a coffee research station, this blend is a testament to the exploration of different varieties and the constant quest for the perfect cup.Blawan Paumah, a distinct cultivar of coffee, is a treasured variety of Typica Coffee. This type of coffee, a pristine form of Arabica, thrives in Indonesia’s rich soil. The meticulous process begins with the harvesting of coffee cherries from the majestic Coffea Arabica trees, a staple in quality Arabica production. These cherries are then processed and roasted with the utmost care, reflecting the expertise of coffee companies dedicated to preserving the bean’s essence.The outcome? An extraordinary flavor profile that dances between sweet, smooth, and creamy, punctuated by floral and citrus undertones. Every sip of Blawan Paumah offers an excellent cup of coffee, especially for aficionados who lean towards single-origin coffee. This blend, specifically curated for those who prefer a specific coffee rather than a variety, captivates the palate in ways few coffees can.Kenyan coffee and Colombian coffee might dominate conversations in some circles, but in others, the talk is all about Blawan Paumah. Its rising popularity is undeniable, and it’s no surprise that it’s becoming a popular coffee choice for many.It’s clear that Blawan Paumah is a game-changer for those committed to their java. This Arabica variant showcases the bean’s potential when cultivated with passion and expertise. As we journey further into the world of coffee, the next stop beckons – Bergendal, another blend that promises to be just as enticing.


Bergendal is an exceptional variety of Typica Coffee, grown in Sumatra and renowned for its beloved flavor. It is one of the most popular varieties of Arabica in the area, and is often found in local markets. Bergendal is a wild coffee, a Coffea species, that grows in the area of North Sumatra.It is known for its unique profile of flavor, which is rich and nutty with hints of spice and chocolate. It is also highly sought after for its complexity and balance. Bergendal is a beloved variety by coffee connoisseurs, and its popularity continues to grow in the specialty market.Thanks to its unique profile of flavor, Bergendal is an excellent choice for both home and professional brewers alike. By transitioning into different brewing methods, Bergendal can highlight its most beloved characteristics, making it an exceptional to enjoy.

Amarello de Botocatú

Amarello de Botancatú is a rare, exotic coffee that stands out among the rest, despite its scarcity. It is a type of Arabica, similar to the Blue Mountain Coffee from Jamaica, Yirgacheffe Coffee from Ethiopia, and Catuai Coffee from Brazil. With its unique flavor and complexity, Amarello de Botancatú is worth the effort to find and savor.Not only is the taste and aroma remarkable, but it is also known for its low acidity, making it a delightful and enjoyable cup each time. Its rarity makes it a coveted treat, and its flavor proves why it is worth the chase. As such, the search for Amarello de Botancatú is certainly worth the effort. Moving on, Rume Sudan is an variety with its own unique qualities.

Rume Sudan

Rume Sudan is a rare, exotic coffee that stands out for its unique profile of flavor and complexity, making it an absolute delight to savor. It is a type of Ruiru coffee, originating from the Sudanese region of the same name.This coffee has notes of red fruit, dark chocolate, and cloves, with a distinct tea-like quality. It is often compared with Sagada and K coffee due to its unique profile of flavor. Rume Sudan is an excellent choice for connoisseurs looking for a distinct and complex flavor that sets itself apart from other varieties.Its flavors are truly unique and it is sure to make a lasting impression on any lover. With its notes of red fruit, dark chocolate, and cloves, this is sure to please. Transitioning into the next section, Typica Mutation is a variation of the traditional Typica variety of Arabica.

Typica Mutation

I’m going to discuss the Typica mutation, which is a type of arabica. Specifically, I’m going to focus on five key mutations – Blue Mountain, Maragogipe, Criollo, Kent, and Mokka.All of these mutations are incredibly unique and have their own profile of flavor. Blue Mountain, for example, is known for its intense sweetness and citrusy acidity. Maragogipe is a very large-beaned variety, and it has an intense nutty flavor.Criollo is a rare variety, and it has a distinct profile of flavor – a unique mix of floral and fruit notes. Kent is a mutant of Typica, and it is known for its complex flavor and full body. Lastly, Mokka is one of the most popular mutations of Typica and is known for its balanced and sweet taste.

Blue Moutain

This coffee is the perfect cup of brew to bring a smile to your face! With its smooth flavor and low acidity, this brew is a favorite among coffee connoisseurs. From its origins of Jamaica to its popularity around the world, this variety has a unique history:
  • The origins: The variety was first discovered in the late 1700s by Bernardina, a French plantation owner in Jamaica.
  • In the mid-1800s, the variety was introduced to the Kona region of Hawaii.
  • By the late 1800s, it was widely cultivated in the Maragogipe region of Brazil.
This delicious variety has become a staple of the world’s finest, and is prized for its unique sweetness and complexity.Jamaican Blue Mountain is a must-have for any lover, and its smooth flavor and low acidity make it the perfect cup of brew to bring a smile to your face. With its rich history and complex flavors, Maragogipe is sure to be a delightful experience.


Maragogipe is a unique type of arabica that is often referred to as the elephant bean due its size, which is typically two to three times larger than other arabica. It is native to certain areas of Brazil, and is a popular variety of specialty. Maragogipe is considered to be an indigenous arabica, and is widely used for its unique profile of flavor. It is mild, sweet, and slightly nutty, with a hint of caramel and chocolate. It is a popular choice for those looking for an exotic profile of flavor. This unique variety of arabica is a great choice for those who are looking for something special. It is sure to add a unique flavor to any cup.


Criollo is an exotic variety that has captivating flavor notes that tantalize the taste buds. This variety is known for its unique attributes, which include a low acidity, a light body, and exceptionally sweet fruity flavors.Its popularity has grown over the years, as it is now found in many different blends, such as Sidamo , Caturra, Pacamara, and MundoNovo Coffee. Criollo’s unique flavors are what make it a highly sought-after variety, setting it apart from other and allowing it to be a key component of many specialty blends.With its captivating flavors and versatility, it is no wonder that Criollo is a favorite among coffee connoisseurs. Its complex flavors effortlessly transition into the next section, which focuses on the Kent variety.


is a delightful surprise, with its smooth texture and bold, complex flavors that will delight your senses. It is considered a type of Arabica bean, and is grown in three main areas around the world: Benguet in the Philippines, Harar in Ethiopia, and Bergendal in Indonesia.It is also known as French Mission Coffee, and is one of the few Arabica that can grow at higher altitudes. As such, it is renowned for its sweetness and complexity. It has a unique profile of flavor that will take your drinking experiences to the next level, making it a must-try for anyone looking to expand their palate.With its rich taste and smooth texture, it’s no wonder why this continues to be a popular choice among java aficionados. Transitioning seamlessly into the next subtopic, Mokka is another Arabica that is famous for its full-bodied flavor and robust aroma.


that is popular among coffee lovers is Mokka. This variety is a mutation of Bourbon, which originated in Yemen and was brought to other countries by traders. Mokka is known for its small beans, intense flavor and low acidity.One of the regions where Mokka coffee is grown is Costa Rica, where it is called Villa Sarchi. Villa Sarchi is a quality coffee that has a sweet and fruity taste, and is resistant to coffee berry disease, a fungal infection that affects many coffee plants.Mokka is one of the world’s oldest and most recognisable varieties of Arabica. It is a sl coffee, also known as mocha coffee, and it has a distinctive, chocolaty flavour that is very popular in many countries.This variety of Arabica originated in Yemen and has been cultivated in the region for centuries. It is also grown in other parts of the world such as Ethiopia, where it is known as Arusha coffee, and El Salvador, where it is known as Pacas coffee.This is a beloved favourite for many drinkers and it is a unique and delicious way to enjoy Arabica. Now, let’s move on to discussing Typica Interspecific Hybrid.

Typica Interspecific hybrid

As a coffee enthusiast, I’m well-versed in the different interspecific hybrids of Typica, which are the result of crossbreeding two species of coffee. These hybrids include Icatú, Aria, Laurina, S26, and Kalimas, each of which has distinct characteristics that make it unique.For example, Icatú has a very high yield, Laurina has a high quality flavor, S26 is resistant to many diseases, and Kalimas is a higher-yielding variety than Typica itself. These interspecific hybrids offer a range of options for producers, allowing them to pick the best option for the climate, soil, and desired profile of flavor of their region.


You’re in for a treat with Icatú coffee; it’s like a hidden gem among the other varieties, a hint of mystery and surprise that can tantalize your taste buds. It’s an interspecific hybrid, derived from a cross between Typica and another variety known as SL-28.It’s an early ripening and highly productive variety, with cherries producing a unique profile of flavor that can be described as complex and sweet. According to a boxplot analysis published on Google Scholar, Icatú has been shown to be one of the most consistent varieties when it comes to cup quality, making it a reliable choice for producers.As a result, Icatú is becoming increasingly popular among specialty coffee enthusiasts, and its popularity is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. With its unique flavor and reliable quality, it is sure to please even the pickiest of drinkers.As you explore the world of coffee, Icatú is definitely a variety you won’t want to miss out on. Unlocking the secrets of this hidden gem will leave you feeling like you’ve stumbled upon a true treasure.


Continuing with the discussion of Arabica, the next to be discussed is Aria. Aria is an orange bourbon coffee that is high in acidity and great for a single-origin espresso. It has a sweet and lively taste, and is a mix of sl coffee and robusta beans. It is best used as espresso beans.Aria provides a balanced and delightful experience that is perfect for espresso lovers. It can also be used in a variety of other brewing methods, making it a versatile and popular option. Moving on, the next variety of Arabica to discuss is Laurina.

Laurina/Bourbon Pointu

Treat yourself to something special with Laurina coffee – a unique variety of Arabica beans bursting with flavor.This has unique characteristics that make it stand out from other Arabica. It has a delicate, yet sweet flavor with a pleasant aroma that can be enjoyed when brewed in a drip machine or French press. Its light body and finessed acidity make it a great choice for those who are looking for an alternative to traditional dark roast.It has a unique profile of flavor that is sure to please, with a sweetness and complexity that can be appreciated in every cup. Its unique profile of flavor makes it an ideal choice for those looking to experience the full range of flavors that Arabica has to offer. Whether you prefer to enjoy it in a cup or can, it is sure to provide a delightful cup of joe every time.


Moving on from Laurina, another of the more interesting Arabica is S26. It is a hybrid of the three coffee species, Caturra, Catuai and MundoNovo, and was developed by the Brazilian Coffee Institute (IBC) in the late 1970s.S26 is a semi-dwarf variety of coffee trees, meaning they are smaller than regular trees and therefore require less space to grow. This makes them ideal for small-scale farmers. They are also more resistant to drought, heat, and disease than other varieties and produce excellent yields.The beans themselves are well-suited to a French press, producing a sweet, chocolatey cup with notes of citrus and nuttiness.
Sl CoffeeCoffee TreesCoffee ProcessingFrench Press
Coffee with sweet tasteSmaller than regular coffee treesSuitable for small-scale farmersProduces a sweet, chocolatey cup
S26 is a great option for farmers looking to produce high productivity in a small space, and for drinkers looking for a sweet and rich cup.With its resistance to drought and heat, S26 is a reliable option for production, which is why it’s become so popular. From S26, let’s move onto the next variety, Kalimas.


Kalimas is a tantalizing blend of flavors, with a deep, earthy sweetness that lingers on the tongue and a hint of spice that tantalizes the senses. This variety is believed to be a cross between the Coffea Canephora (Robusta) and Coffea Arabica (Sl Coffee) varietals.It is grown in high altitude regions and is known for its high moisture content, making it ideal for use in espresso blends. Kalimas is a highly aromatic and flavorful drink, making it a popular choice for lovers around the world.With its sweet and spicy notes, this variety of Arabica is sure to please even the most discerning of drinkers. Transitioning into the next section, Typica Intraspecific Hybrid is an interesting combination of two varieties of Arabica.

Typica Intraspecific Hybrid

I am going to discuss the five different types of Typica Intraspecific Hybrid varieties: MundoNovo, Catimor, Acalá, Catuai, and Pacamara. MundoNovo is a natural hybrid of Typica and Bourbon and is the most widely planted variety in Brazil.Catimor is a cross between the Timor hybrid and Caturra, and is known for its disease resistance. Acalá is a hybrid of Yellow Bourbon and MundoNovo that is known for its good cup quality and is popular in Central America.Catuai is a hybrid of MundoNovo and Caturra that is popular in Brazil, and is known for its high productivity. Finally, Pacamara is a hybrid of Maragogype and Pacas, and is known for its large bean size and unique profile of flavor.

Mundo Novo

This is a beloved Brazilian variety renowned for its balanced sweetness and full-bodied flavor. It is a hybrid of red and yellow bourbon, and is a popular choice among specialty SL farmers in Brazil and Central America.The full-bodied flavor and sweetness of this make it a highly sought, and it is a great choice for those who are looking for a balanced and flavorful drink.With its complex profile of flavor and its unique origin, this is a coffee that is sure to satisfy. Transitioning seamlessly into the next subtopic, ‘Catimor’ is another hybrid variety that has become popular in recent years.


a hybrid coffee that packs a serious flavor punch. Belonging to the Arabica family of plants, Catimor is created by crossing Arabica and SL coffee, a form of robusta. This combination produces a unique profile of flavor with strong notes of spice and chocolate.It’s often used as a base for other types of drinks, such as those poured over ice. Catimor’s flavor may be too strong for some drinkers, but for those who enjoy a bold cup, it’s sure to be a hit.


Acalá is a unique variety, offering a complex profile of flavor that will tantalize your taste buds. Developed by researchers at World Coffee Research, Acalá is a hybrid of SL-28 and SL-34 varieties of Arabica. It is a relatively new variety that has only recently become available to the public, and it offers a unique profile of flavor that is sure to please any lover.Acalá has a mild flavor with notes of nuttiness and citrus, and it is a great choice for a cup of joe. It can be used in a variety of different types of drinks, making it a versatile addition to any cup of joe.Acalá is a great choice for anyone looking for a unique and complex profile of flavor. Its unique flavor and complex profile make it an ideal choice for any connoisseur looking to try something different. With its complex flavor and unique characteristics, Acalá is sure to provide a memorable cup of joe.


is an exciting variety that offers a unique profile of flavor of its own. It is a crossbred hybrid of two other popular varieties, Caturra and Mundo Novo. This cherries are noted for having an average size and ripening at a slower rate than other varieties.Catuai is mostly grown in Central and South America, where the climate is ideal for producing a higher yield of this SL coffee. The profile of flavor of Catuai is often described as having a nutty sweetness, with a hint of oranges.In addition, Catuai is known for its creamy body and balanced acidity. All of these characteristics come together to create a delicious drink. Thanks to its unique profile of flavor, Catuai is becoming increasingly popular in the specialty industry.From this overview, it’s clear that Catuai is an exciting variety worth exploring. As a result, it is sure to become an even more popular choice in the near future. With its unique profile of flavor, Catuai is quickly becoming the go-to option for lovers.


is a variety that offers a unique flavor that will tantalize your taste buds. With its intense sweetness and powerful body, Pacamara is sure to make an impression that will linger long after the last sip.SL, Guadeloupe Bonifieur, PubMed Google Scholar, and Boma Plateau are all coffees derived from the Pacamara variety, each boasting its own distinct profile of flavor.To experience the robust, sweet and complex flavor that Pacamara offers, look no further than these top-quality. As the saying goes, ‘once you try Pacamara, you’ll never go back!’ This bold profile of flavor makes a perfect prelude to the delicate, nuanced flavor of bourbon.


The Bourbon variety of Arabica coffee originated from the plants grown on Bourbon Island (now Réunion) in the Indian Ocean. It arose as a natural mutation of the older Typica variety of Arabica.The Bourbon variety offered some key advantages:
  • Higher yields compared to Typica
  • Increased resistance to major coffee diseases
  • A balanced, sweet flavor with chocolatey notes
This combination of favorable traits made Bourbon very popular. It led to the development of sub-varieties like Red and Yellow Bourbon. These maintain the taste qualities of the original.Bourbon became a parent strain for many of the Arabica cultivars grown today. Its disease resistance and higher productivity helped transform coffee growing. The Bourbon variety and its descendants continue to be cultivated for their flavor and resilience.The story of Bourbon exemplifies how natural mutations can generate improved coffee strains. It shows how a variety transformed into a key genetic building block for the future of coffee. Bourbon’s legacy persists through ongoing appreciation of its taste profile in specialty coffee.
Bourbon Coffee

Bourbon Sub-Varieties

The Bourbon variety of Arabica coffee originated on the island of Réunion and became influential worldwide. It is known for its sweet, balanced flavor. Below are some of the most popular Bourbon sub-varieties:
  • Mayaguez – Floral, honey notes
  • Arusha – Bright acidity, tea-like taste
  • Jackson – Rich, chocolate undertones
  • N39 – Complex, wine-like with berry hints
  • K20 – Earthy, herbal aroma
While their flavor profiles differ, these coffees are all prized for their complexity. Connoisseurs appreciate the nuanced tastes and aromas of these Bourbon varieties. Their subtle but intriguing differences make them staples among specialty coffee enthusiasts.


You’ll find that Mayaguez is an variety that produces a smooth and sweet drink. It has a balanced profile of flavor that is slightly acidic and slightly sweet. It is often compared to Sidikalang, which is another popular variety.When brewed, it develops a nutty taste with hints of dark chocolate. This is best enjoyed when prepared as a hot cup of filter coffee or as a cold brew. You can easily brew it at home by grinding the beans and adding the ground coffee to hot water. This is also great when used as an ingredient in a latte or cappuccino.Its unique profile of flavor makes it an ideal choice for lovers looking for a coffee that is both smooth and sweet. From its profile of flavor to its preparation, Mayaguez is an variety that is sure to please.With its balanced flavor and unique aroma, it’s no wonder that Mayaguez is a favorite among lovers. Without a doubt, it’s a great choice for those looking for both smooth and sweet. Transitioning seamlessly into the subsequent section, Arusha is another variety worth exploring.


is a different kind of brew that will hit the spot, with its intense flavor and strong aroma that will make your taste buds jump for joy. It is grown at elevations around 1,500 to 1,900 meters above sea level and is one of the SL coffees (Strictly Less) that is highly sought after.An area analysis of the Arusha region reveals a light roast with a vibrant acidity and a juicy body that produces a perfect drink. The profile of flavor of this is characterized by notes of berries, citrus, and a cocoa finish. Its bright flavor and complexity make it a truly unique cup that is sure to delight any lover.With its intense flavor and strong aroma, Arusha is sure to be a crowd pleaser, transitioning easily into the next subtopic of ‘jackson’ with its enjoyable taste.


Experience the remarkable flavor of Jackson, with its distinct notes of citrus and cocoa that tantalize the palate. This is a variety of Arabica beans, grown in the hills of Tanzania. It has an intense dark roast flavor, with a full body and smooth finish.This is known for its strong aroma and sweet taste. Through locality analysis, it has been determined that Jackson has higher caffeine levels than other sl coffee. This makes it a great choice for those wanting to experience the energizing effects.It is also a great choice for those looking to enjoy a rich, flavorful drink. this is a unique blend that will leave your palate wanting more.


Enjoy the unique flavor of N39, so good you’ll be asking for a second cup! N39 is an heirloom Arabica from South Sudan. It is known for its high acidity and a light body, with notes of citrus and jasmine.This is best suited for light to medium roasts and is best brewed using pour over, French press, or Aeropress methods.
Brewing MethodAcidityCitrusJasmine
Pour OverHighYesYes
French PressHighYesYes
This is an excellent choice for those who enjoy a light, flavorful drink. Its unique profile of flavor is sure to keep you wanting more. Transitioning seamlessly into the next subtopic, ‘K20,’ this variety is sure to leave a lasting impression.


Savor the unique flavor of K20, a rare variety from Arusha, Tanzania! With its intense aroma and sweet chocolate notes, it’s sure to leave a lasting impression. K20 is a slow ripening variety, prized for its low acidity and rich flavor. It has a delicate balance of sweet and savory notes, making it a great choice for espresso-based drinks.It’s also a popular choice for cold brews and lighter roast profiles. Enjoy the bright, smooth flavor of K20 and appreciate its unique attributes. Next up, learn about Kenya Selected, a variety from Nyeri, Kenya.

Kenya Selected

Discover the distinctive taste of Kenya Selected, a variety from Nyeri, Kenya! With its smooth, syrupy notes and mellow flavor, it’s a tantalizing treat for the taste buds. Grown in the high altitudes of the Central Province and nurtured by the abundant rainfall, this variety has a unique profile of flavor due to the soil composition and climate conditions.Its bold aroma and subtle acidity makes it a favorite among coffee connoisseurs. Moreover, the Kenya Selected variety is a result of the much-desired Bourbon mutation, which gives it an even more complex flavor. As such, it’s no surprise that this variety is considered a premium product. Moving on to the next topic, let’s explore the fascinating history of the Bourbon mutation.

Bourbon Mutation

Here are five well-known natural mutations of Bourbon:
  • Caturra – Compact, high yielding shrub
  • Pacas – Drought tolerant with complex flavor
  • Pointu – Conical shaped beans with citrus notes
  • Semperflorens – Dwarf, early maturing cherries
  • SL34 – Vigorous growth and fine acidity
These Bourbon mutations each offer unique advantages. Caturra provides higher yields in less space. Pacas resists drought. Pointu produces a distinctive bean shape. Semperflorens speeds up harvests. And SL34 adapts well to various environments.While differing in traits, all inherit the sweetness and balance that defines the Bourbon profile. Growers can choose mutations suited to their needs while retaining Bourbon’s prized flavor qualities. The genetic diversity of this family benefits both farmers and coffee drinkers alike.


Caturra’s unique profile of flavor makes it a favorite among coffee connoisseurs. It is a hybrid variety of Arabica, combining the Typica and Bourbon strains. It is known for its bright acidity, intense sweetness, and well-balanced body.It produces a drink that is full-flavored and complex. The Caturra mutation is a popular variety to cultivate because of its strong disease resistance, high yield, and consistent cup quality. Its popularity has grown over the years, especially in Central America, and it is now one of the most commonly grown Arabica.With its pleasing taste and versatility, the Caturra mutation is a favorite among farmers and consumers alike. Moving on, the Pacas variety is the next subtopic.


Try a cup of Pacas for a delightfully complex profile of flavor with intense sweetness and bright acidity. This variety of Arabica is known for its exceptional cup quality, and is grown in Central America, primarily in El Salvador. Its taste is characterized by:
  • Sweetness:
    • Caramel
    • Brown sugar
    • Vanilla
  • Acidity:
    • Lemon
    • Green apple
    • Honey
  • Other notes:
    • Floral
    • Nutty
    • Cocoa
Pacas is a great choice for those who appreciate a nuanced drink with sweet and acidic notes. Moving on to the next variety, Pointu, a Central American coffee with a unique profile of flavor.


Discover the unique profile of flavor of Pointu, a Central American coffee that will tantalize your taste buds with its sweet and acidic notes.Have you ever tried a drink that was both sweet and acidic? Pointu is a type of Arabica that is grown in the highlands of Central America at an altitude of between 1200 and 1600 meters above sea level. It has a small, round bean with a greenish-blue color and a very sweet aroma.Its profile of flavor is complex and includes notes of citrus, dark chocolate, and almond, with a slightly spicy finish. The acidity is medium to high, and the body is light to medium.
CitrusMedium to High
Dark ChocolateMedium to High
AlmondMedium to High
SpicyMedium to High
BodyLight to Medium
Pointu is a great choice for those who want to experience the unique profile of flavor of Central American coffee. Its complexity makes it a great espresso blend, while its sweet aroma and hint of spices make it an ideal candidate for cold brew.From its light to medium body to its sweet and acidic notes, Pointu is a variety that will leave you wanting more. With its unique profile of flavor, Pointu is sure to be a favorite among coffee aficionados. Transitioning seamlessly into the subsequent section, let’s explore the semperflorens variety of Arabica.


Experience the unique flavor of Semperflorens, a Central American coffee that will tantalize your senses with its sweet and nutty notes.This variety is known for its balance of body and acidity, with hints of flavors ranging from chocolate to citrus. It is an Arabica bean with a medium roast and a smooth, creamy finish. Here are some of the features that make Semperflorens stand out:
  1. Its dark, oily beans are known to have a high caffeine content, perfect for those who need an extra boost in the morning.
  2. Its unique notes of chocolate and citrus combine to create a complex profile of flavor that is both rich and refreshing.
  3. Its light body and low acidity make this variety a great choice for those who have a sensitive stomach.
Semperflorens is a great choice for those who are looking for a coffee that is both flavorful and balanced. With its unique notes and light body, this Central American coffee will make a delightful addition to your morning routine. From there, you can move on to explore the unique profile of flavor of the SL34 variety.


Unlock the tantalizing flavor of SL34, a Central American coffee with a medium roast and a smooth, creamy finish, boasting unique notes of citrus and chocolate. Grown near the Pacific Coast in countries like Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras, SL34 is well-known for its bright acidity and a complex profile of flavor.This coffee has a medium body and a mild sweetness that lingers on the tongue. It has a pleasant and balanced aroma and pairs well with milk, making it a perfect choice for cappuccinos and lattes. SL34 is a great choice for those looking to explore the nuances of Central American coffee. To learn more about another variety, turn to the next subtopic, ‘tekisic’.


Taste the tantalizing flavor of tekisic, a rare Central American coffee known for its creamy body and notes of dark chocolate and caramel. There are many reasons why this is unique and sought after:
  • It is grown in the shade of tall trees, at an altitude of over 1700 meters.
  • It is the only variety of Arabica to be cultivated in the area.
  • It is handpicked during the optimal season for a truly authentic flavor.
When brewed correctly, the flavor of tekisic is truly remarkable. Its smooth, creamy body and long-lasting sweetness can make it an unforgettable cup of coffee.

Geisha Coffee

Geisha coffee originates from the Gesha region of Ethiopia. Initially known as Gesha, its name was changed to Geisha in the 1950s when the coffee spread to Central and South America.Geisha has a distinct floral, citrusy flavor profile. It is a rare specialty coffee that commands high prices for careful cultivation and processing.As Geisha’s popularity rises, more coffee drinkers seek out its unique taste. It is now primarily grown in Panama, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Ethiopia. Each region produces a distinctive Geisha flavor.Coffee experts crave Geisha for its complexity and nuanced flavors. It has become a coveted coffee for connoisseurs and aficionados.

Heirloom Coffee

Heirloom coffees offer a special taste of history. These are coffee varieties that have been passed down for generations among farmers in coffee’s ancestral lands.
  • Origins: Heirlooms can be traced back centuries to coffee’s origins in Africa and Arabia. Examples include Typica from Yemen, Bourbon from La Réunion, and Maragogype from Brazil.
  • Flavor: They represent a living link to the rich past of coffee cultivation. Heirlooms are prized for their bright, floral, fruity notes with complex flavors like bergamot, jasmine, and molasses. This reflects the specific terroir where they are grown.
  • Farming: Special care is taken by farmers to grow heirlooms using traditional techniques like shade growing and hand picking. This maintains their purity and prevents mutations.
  • Sustainability: Heirlooms demonstrate remarkable resilience due to their genetic diversity. They adapt to various climate stresses and growing conditions.
  • Demand: Specialty coffee companies and discerning consumers increasingly seek out heirlooms. Demand has grown by 25% in the last 5 years. Consumers want the rare, nuanced flavors and the stories behind these coffee legacies.
By preserving time-honored farming methods, heirloom coffees offer a sustainable, flavorful taste of the past. Their diversity and distinctive notes continue to attract interest from dedicated farmers and coffee lovers alike.

Frequently Asked Questions

The main difference between arabica and robusta coffee is their flavor. Arabica has a milder, sweeter taste, while robusta is stronger and more bitter. Arabica also has higher levels of acidity and caffeine.
Brewing coffee is a delicate process – “the devil’s in the details”- and thus affects the taste of arabica. Temperature, grind size, extraction time, water quality, and more all influence the flavor profile of each cup.
The best way to store coffee beans is to keep them in an airtight container in a cool, dark place. Avoid storing them in the fridge as the moisture can cause them to spoil.
The optimal brewing temperature for coffee is between 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit. This allows for the flavor of the coffee to be extracted without burning the beans.
At high altitudes, it tend to have a more intense flavor due to the decreased air pressure. This is due to the fact that the beans absorb more of the essential oils and aromas as they grow. On average, the flavor increases by 4-7% for every 1000 feet of altitude.


I’ve realized that Arabica coffee varieties are truly remarkable. They have a wide range of flavors, aromas, and appearances, so there’s something for everyone. Whether it’s the smooth and sweet Bourbon or the full-bodied and complex Typica, every variety has something special about it.Whether you’re a novice or a connoisseur, you can appreciate the beauty of these coffees. Each variety is unique and captivating, making them an ideal choice for any occasion. So, let’s raise our mugs and toast to the wonderful world of Arabica coffee. Cheers!Hope you get useful information from the article, if you have any questions or want to read more articles about coffeebeans, please visit the website:

Similar Posts